Joseph Mallord William Turner

                                                                                        JMW Turner the source   Art World’s Dirty Little Secret

 

 

John Ruskin 1887
Artist Barrant, eng. Johnson

Where does true Turner Scholarship Begin and End?


 

Bibliography: Books specific to JMW Turner, Biographies/catalogues etc: listed chronologically

John Ruskin, Modern Painters, (Fred DeFau & Company Publishers, New York, The Complete Works of John Ruskin) vols. 1-5.

Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), 2 vols.

Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879)

Helen S. Conant, J.M.W. Turner, (extract from Harper’s Monthly Magazine: 1878; published in Master-In-Art series by Bates and Guild Company, Boston, nov 1902)

Harper’s, Joseph Mallord William Turner, (Harpers New Monthly Magazine, 1878)

W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879)

Rev. S.A. Swaine, Turner the Artist, (Cassell & Company, Limited: London, Paris, New York, Melbourne, 1885)

Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900) 2 vols.

Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902)

Walter Shaw Sparrow, The Genius of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Offices of ‘The Studio’, London, Paris, and New York, MCMIII)

Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), 2 vols.

Frances Tyrrell-Gill, Little Books On Art: Turner, (Methuen & Co., London, 1904)

The Editor (National Gallery), Hidden Treasures at the National Gallery, A Selection of Studies and Drawings by J. M. W. Turner, (London: “Pall Mall” Press, Holborn, 1905)

W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905)

E. T. Cook, Hidden Treasures at the National Gallery, A Selection of Studies and Drawings by J. M. W. Turner, (London: “Pall Mall” Press, Holborn, 1905)

W.G. Rawlinson, Turner’s Liber Studiorum, (MacMillan and Co, Limited, London, 1906)

James Mason: The Charm of Turner, (T.C. & E.C. Jack, London and Edinburgh, 1914)

C. Lewis Hind, Turner’s Golden Visions, (T. C. & E. C. Jack, Ltd., London, 1925)

John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926)

Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931)

Camille Mauclair, Turner, (The Hyperion Press, Paris, agent - The Art Book Publications, N.Y., translated by Eveline Byam Shaw, 1939) [somewhat inaccurate]

Turner Art Exhibited, (New York Times, 24 August 1941)

W. G. Constable, Turner in America, (The Art Association of Indianapolis, ex. cat. 1955)

Wilbur D. Peat, Turner in America, (The Art Association of Indianapolis, ex. cat. 1955)

Mary Chamot with assistance of Martin Butlin and Dennis Farr, A Guide to the Tate Gallery, (Tate Gallery Publications and Information Department, 1959)

Sir Jon Rothenstein, Turner (1775-1851), (Beaverbrook Newspapers Limited, and Henry N. Abrams, London, 1960)

A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961)

Edward Croft-Murray, Turner Watercolors from The British Museum, (Smithsonian Publication No. 4519, 1963)

Michael Kitson, J.M.W. Turner, (Blandford Press Ltd., London, 1964)

John Rothenstein and Martin Butlin, Turner, (George Braziller Inc., New York, 1964)

Martin Butlin, Turner Watercolours (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1965)

Jack Lindsay, J. M. W. Turner, A Critical Biography, (New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1966)

Lawrence Gowing, Turner Imagination and Reality, (The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1966)

A.J. Finberg, introduction by Lawrence Gowing, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968)

Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968)

Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969)

John Gage, Colour in Turner: poetry and truth, (Studio Vista Limited, London, 1969)

Gerald Wilkinson, Turner’s Early Sketchbooks, (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1972)

Turner 1775-1851, Tate Gallery Publications Department 1974

Joseph R. Goldyne (intro), Turner: Works on Paper from American Collections, (University Art Museum, Berkeley, 1975)

Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975)

Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975)

Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977)

Jean Selz, Turner, (Crown Publishers, Inc. – New York, 1977)

Mordechai Omer, Turner and The Bible, (Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 1979)

Andrew Wilton, J. M. W. Turner: His Art and Life, (Rizzoli International Publications, Inc. 1979)

George Jones; John Gage, ed., Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, (Clarendon Press – Oxford, 1980)

Mary Chamot, The Early Works of J.M.W. Turner, (London: Tate Gallery Publications, 1981)

John Walker, Turner, (Henry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, New York, 1983)

John McCoubrey, Parliament On Fire: Turner’s Buildings, (Art In America, Brant Art Publications, New York, Dec 1984)

Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984) 2 vols.

David Hill, In Turner’s Footsteps: Through the hills an dales of Northern England, (John Murray (Publishers) Ltd., London, 1984)

Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner: The Man and His Art’, (London: Granada, 1985)

Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986)

John Gage, J.M.W. Turner ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’. (London: Yale University Press, 1987)

Andrew Wilton, Turner In His Time, (Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, New York, 1987)

William Hardy, The History and Techniques of the Great Masters: Turner (New Jersey:  Chartwell Books, 1988)

Silvia Ginzburg, Turner, (Arch Cape Press, New York, 1990)

Peter Bower, Turner's Papers, A Study of the Manufacture... (Tate Gallery, 1990)

Andrew Wilton, Painting and Poetry, Turner’s Verse Book and his Work of 1804 – 1812, (Tate Gallery Publications, Millbank, 1990)

David Blayney Brown, From Turner’s Studio -- Paintings and Oil Sketches from the Turner Bequest, (Tate Gallery Publishing, 1991)

 Cecilia Powell, Turner's Rivers of Europe, (Tate Gallery, sponsored by Volkswagon, 1991)

Maurice Davies, Turner as Professor: The Artist and Linear Perspective, (Tate Gallery Publications, Millbank, London, 1992)

Joyce H. Townsend, Studies in Conservation, The Materials and Techniques of J. M. W. Turner Primings and Supports, (The International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 1992)

Joyce Townsend, Turner’s Painting Techniques, (Tate Publishing, 1993)

Michael Bockemühl, J.M.W. Turner, The World of Light and Colour, (Taschen, Köln, 1993)

Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, (Tate Gallery Publications, London, 1995)

Michael Lloyd, Turner, (National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996)

James Hamilton, Turner and the Scientists, (Tate Gallery Publishing, London, 1998)

Robert Hewison, Ian Warrell, and Stephen Wildman, Ruskin, Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites, (Tate Gallery Publishing, 2000)

The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001)

Lawrence Gowing, Turner’s First Continental Tour of 1802, (Turner Society News No. 91 August 2002)

Eric Shanes, Turner Rehung at Tate Britain, (TSN London, issue no. 93, March 2003)

Thomas Moore, Journal and Correspondence

 

700+ references Art World’s Dirty Little Secret

* Turner 1775-1851, Tate Gallery Publications Department 1974, p. 38.

* Maurice Rheims, The Glorious Obsession, (Souvenir Press Ltd, 1980 translation by Patrick Evans), dust jacket inside flap.

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), 192 and 194.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 373.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), 80.

* Christopher Lloyd, The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collections Through The Centuries, (National Gallery Publications Limited, 1991), 28.

* Morris Eaves, The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake, (Cornell University Press (Getty Grant Program assistance), Ithaca and London, 1992), 30.

* Jonathan Brown, Kings & Connoisseurs, Collecting Art in Seventeenth-Century Europe, (A.W. Mellon Lectures, Princeton University Press, 1995), 219.

* Morris Eaves, The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake, (Cornell University Press (Getty Grant Program assistance), Ithaca and London, 1992), 26.

* C.V. Wedgwood, The World of Rubens 1577-1640, (Time Incorporated, New York, 1967), 98.

* Gertrude Wilmers, New Attribution to Rubens Changes an Ugly Duckling Into a Swan, (IFAR Journal Vol. 5, No. 2, 2002), 3.

* Peter Watson, From Manet to Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 318.

* Michael Scott, It’s a ship of fate or a ship of fake, (The Vancouver Sun, Jan 23 1997), 1, 9A.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 397.

* W. G. Constable, Turner in America, (The Art Association of Indianapolis, ex. cat. 1955), intro.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 41.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 228.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 144.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 152.

* Rev. S.A. Swaine, Turner the Artist, (Cassell & Company, Limited: London, Paris, New York, Melbourne, 1885), 9-10.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 178.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), 2, 265.

* George Jones; John Gage, ed., Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, (Clarendon Press – Oxford, 1980), 7.

* John Ruskin, Letters to a College Friend, (MacMillan & Co., New York; and George Allen, London, 1894), 89.

* Rev. S.A. Swaine, Turner the Artist, (Cassell & Company, Limited: London, Paris, New York, Melbourne, 1885), 48.

* John McCoubrey, Parliament On Fire: Turner’s Buildings, (Art In America, Brant Art Publications, New York, Dec 1984), 115 and 117.

* David Blayney Brown, From Turner’s Studio, Paintings and Sketches from the Turner Bequest, (The Tate Gallery, 1991).

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 454.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner In His Time, (Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, New York, 1987), 66.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 107.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 102 and 105.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 74.

* James Hamilton, Turner and the Scientists, (Tate Gallery Publishing, London, 1998), 51.

*  James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 44.

* Otto Kurz, Fakes, (Dover Publications, Inc., 1967), 45.

* Denis Dutton, The Forger’s Art –Forgery and the Philosophy of Art, essay by Rudolf Arnheim, On Duplication, (University of California Press, 1983), 233-234.

* The Illustrated London News, No. 5159 – Volume 192, March 3 1938, 401.

* Andrea Kirsh and Rustin S. Levenson, Seeing Through Paintings, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001), 193.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 367.

* Royal Academy Of Arts, Murillo 1617-1682, (Royal Academy of Arts, with gratitude to Her Majesty’s Government, 1983), 193.

* Juan Antonio Gaya Nuňo, L’opera completa di Murillo, (Rizzoli Editore, Milano, 1978), 112.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 368.

* Ludmila Kagané, Batholome Esteban Murillo, The Spanish Master of the 17th Century, (Parkstone / Aurora Publishers, Bournemouth, England, 1995), 23.

* James Stothert, French and Spanish Painters, (Bickers and Son, 1877), 59.

* Ibid. 61-62.

*Ludmila Kagané, Batholome Esteban Murillo, The Spanish Master of the 17th Century, (Parkstone / Aurora Publishers, Bournemouth, England, 1995), 70.

* Jeffrey M. Muller, Retaining The Original, Multiple Originals, Copies, and Reproductions, (National Gallery of Art Washington, 1989), 142-143.

* Denis Dutton, The Forger’s Art – Forgery and the Philosophy of Art, essay by Rudolf Arnheim, On Duplication, (University of California Press, 1983), 236.

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 19.

* Clive Bell, Art, (Capricorn Books, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1958) 8 ed., 49.

* James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 136.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 215-16.

*Clive Bell, Art, (Capricorn Books, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1958) 8 ed, 43.

* Sir Oliver Millar, The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collections Through The Centuries, (National Gallery Publications Limited, 1991), 20.

* Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary Of Art Terms And Techniques, (Barnes & Noble Books, A Division of Harper & Row, Publishers, 1981), 329-330.

* Jeffrey M. Muller, Retaining The Original, Multiple Originals, Copies, and Reproductions, (National Gallery of Art Washington, 1989), 144-145.

* Denis Dutton, The Forger’s Art – Forgery and the Philosophy of Art, essay by Hope B. Werness, Han van Meegeren fecit, (University of California Press, 1983), 51.

* Denis Dutton, The Forger’s Art –Forgery and the Philosophy of Art, essay by Hope B. Werness, Han van Meegeren fecit, [Kilbracken, Van Meegeren: Master Forger, p. 127.] (University of California Press, 1983), 51.

* Royal Academy Of Arts, Murillo 1617-1682, (Royal Academy of Arts, with gratitude to Her Majesty’s Government, 1983), 193.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 204.

* Wendy Wassyng Roworth, Angelica Kauffman: A Continental Artist in Georgian England, (Reaktion Books, London, 1993), 63.

* Helen S. Conant, J.M.W. Turner, (extract from Harper’s Monthly Magazine: 1878; published in Master-In-Art series by Bates and Guild Company, Boston, nov 1902), 24.

* John Sawatsky, Men in the Shadows, (Doubleday Canada Limited, 1980), 25.

* Ibid, 25.

* Anonymous news article, (CP), Illegal Evidence Off Limits, Haileybury, Ont.

* Customs Act, 1986 c. 1 amended by 1986, cc. 32, 49 1988, c. 2 and Department of National Revenue Act R.S., c. N-15, March 1988.

* Ian Warrell, (Turner Society News #87, March 2001), 11.

* Aaron Milrad & Ella Agnew, ‘The Art-world, Law, Business & Practice in Canada’, (Merritt Publishing Company Limited, 1980), 119.

* Ibid, 119.

* Ibid. 120.

* Sharon Fletcher, IFAR Journal, (International Foundation for Art Research, 500 5th Ave., New York, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2001), 7.

* Information obtained from IFAR Journal Volume 4, Number 3 2001.

* Arnold Toutant and Susan Doyle, Ancient Worlds, (Oxford University Press, Ont. Canada, 2000), 141.

* John Costello, Mask of Treachery, (William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd., 1988), 241-2.

* Roy Strong, Lost Treasures of Britain, (Viking/Penguin Group, and The LondonTimes, 1990), 65.

* John Ruskin, Modern Painters, (Fred DeFau & Company Publishers, New York, The Complete Works of John Ruskin vols. 2, 1, 1873), vol.1, 92.

* Helen Stewart, ‘The American Peoples Encyclopedia’, (The Spencer Press, Inc., Chicago, 1952), 15-338.

* Ibid, 15-338.

*  CBC news cast 26 Sept 2002.

* J. McNeill Whistler, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, Chelsea, (John W. Lovell Co., New York, 1890), 171.

* James Hamilton, Turner and the Scientists, (Tate Gallery Publishing, London, 1998), 9.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 204.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 2, 135.

* Judith Walsh, Solving Puzzles, Discovering O’Keeffe, (IFAR Journal Vol. 5, No. 2, 2002), 39.

* Andrea Kirsh and Rustin S. Levenson, Seeing Through Paintings, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001), 101.

* IFAR Journal; volume 4 number 4 / volume 5 number 1 2001/02, 56.

* H. Perry Chapman, Rembrandt’s Self-portraits—A Study in Seventeenth Century Identity, (Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 1990), 137.

* Ernst van de Wetering, Thirty Years of the Rembrandt Research Project: The Tension Between Science and Connoisseurship in Authenticating Art, (IFAR Journal, Vol. 4, no 2 2001), 19.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 3.

* Suzanna Andrews, Bitter Spoils, (Vanity Fair magazine March 1998), p 252.

* Ibid. 251.

* Ernst van de Wetering, Thirty Years of the Rembrandt Research Project: The Tension Between Science and Connoisseurship in Authenticating Art, (IFAR Journal, Vol. 4, no 2 2001), 14.

* Geraldine Keen, Money and Art, (G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1971), 40.

* Joyce Townsend, Turner’s Painting Techniques, (Tate Publishing, 1993), 21.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 59.

* Jack Lindsay, J. M. W. Turner, A Critical Biography, (New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1966), 21, and Thornbury, pp. 74.

* Andrea Kirsh and Rustin S. Levenson, Seeing Through Paintings, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001), 31.

* Joyce Townsend, Turner’s Painting Techniques’, (Tate Publishing, 1993), pp.71.

* John Rothenstein and Martin Butlin, Turner, (George Braziller Inc., New York, 1964), 28.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 196.

* Silvia Ginzburg, Turner, (Arch Cape Press, New York, 1990), 12.

* Joyce H. Townsend, The Materials and Techniques of J. M. W. Turner: Primings and Supports, (Studies in Conservation, The International Institute of Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, Sept. 1993), 48.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner In His Time, (New York:  Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers, 1987), 66.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 153.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 176.

* Lawrence Gowing, Turner’s First Continental Tour of 1802, (Turner Society News No. 91 August 2002), 10.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 131 and 259.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900), vol i, 20.

* Ibid. 43.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), 35.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner: The Man and His Art’, (London: Granada, 1985), 19.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol., 21.

* Meryle Secrest, Kenneth Clark, A Biography, (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1984), 98.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975), 26.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900), vol I, pp 61-62.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900), vol i, 23.

* Silvia Ginzburg, Turner, (Arch Cape Press, New York, 1990), 7-8.

* John Rothenstein and Martin Butlin, Turner, (George Braziller Inc., New York, 1964), 26.

* Martin Butlin, Turner Watercolours, (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, New York, 1965), 6.

* W.G. Rawlinson, Turner’s Liber Studiorum, (MacMillan and Co, Limited, London, 1906), 33.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 101.

* James Hamilton, Turner and the Scientists, (Tate Gallery Publishing, London, 1998), 126.

* Morris Eaves, The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake, (Cornell University Press (Getty Grant Program assistance), Ithaca and London, 1992), 61.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 141.

* Philip Hamerton, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (extract from Hamerton for the Master-In-Art series by Bates and Guild Company, Boston, nov 1902), 30.

* From the 1997 Laver Report, Scientific Examination Results, ARS No. 1953.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), 35.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), 23.

* David Blayney Brown, From Turner’s Studio -- Paintings and Oil Sketches from the Turner Bequest, (Tate Gallery Publishing, 1991), 19.

* David MacMartin Audet, senior accredited member of the International Society of Fine Arts Appraisers (River Forest, IL) from his appraisal of the painting while owned by Collin G. Grant in Feb 1990, p. 9.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 27.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 58.

* Ibid. 95.

* Michael Lloyd, Turner, essay by John Golding, (National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996), 175.

* From her letter to Laver, October 1998.

* Kenneth Clark, Looking at Pictures, (John Murray, London, 1960), 146.

* John Gage, Colour in Turner: poetry and truth, (Studio Vista Limited, London, 1969), 30.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 65.

* M. Laver’ s correspondence to the author, March 9, 2000

* Percy Moore Turner, Appreciation of Painting, (Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1921), 226-27.

* Hanna Kiel, The Bernard Berenson Treasury, (Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1964), 14.

*Hanna Kiel, The Bernard Berenson Treasury, (Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1964), 291.

* John Gage, J.M.W. Turner ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’. (London: Yale University Press, 1987), 81.

* John Gage, J.M.W. Turner ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’. (London: Yale University Press, 1987), 75.

* John Gage, ‘Colour in Turner Poetry and Truth’. (London: Studio Vista Lim., 1969), 28.

* Graham Reynolds, ‘Turner’, (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 8.

* Tate Gallery, Turner, 1775-1851. (London: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1974), 48-49.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner’. The Man and His Art. (London: Granada, 1985), 35.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner’. The Man and His Art. (London: Granada, 1985), 44.

* Tate Gallery, ‘Turner’. (London: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1974), 55-56.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner’. The Man and His Art. (London: Granada, 1985), 44.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner: The Man and His Art’. (London: Granada, 1985), 19.

* Joyce Townsend, ‘Turner’s Painting Techniques’. (Cambridge: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1993), 21-23.

* A.J. Finberg, ‘The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A’. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961), 77.

* John Gage, J.M.W. Turner ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’. (London: Yale University Press, 1987), 80-81.

* John Gage, J.M.W. Turner ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’. (London: Yale University Press, 1987), 81-82.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner: The Man and His Art’. (London: Granada, 1985), 38.

* John Gage, J.M.W. Turner ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’. (London: Yale University Press, 1987), 100-1

* Joyce Townsend, ‘Turner’s Painting Techniques’. (Cambridge: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1993), 39.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 199.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner: The Man and His Art’. (London: Granada, 1985), 41.

* Joyce Townsend, ‘Turner’s Painting Techniques’. (Cambridge: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1993), 28.

* Joyce Townsend, ‘Turner’s Painting Techniques’. (Cambridge: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1993), 28.

* Michael Bockemühl, J.M.W. Turner, The World of Light and Colour, (Taschen, Köln, 1993), 11.

* Michael Kitson, J.M.W. Turner, (Blandford Press Ltd., London, 1964), 18.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975), 23.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 23.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973), 230 and 232.

* Ibid. 246.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 70.

* Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, (Tate Gallery Publications, London, 1995), 7.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 105.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 447.

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), 280.

* Fritz Lugt, Les Marques de Collections, Dessins-Estampes, (Vereenigde Drukkerijen, Amsterdam 1921), 487.

* Christopher Lloyd, The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collections Through The Centuries, (National Gallery Publications Limited, 1991), 14.

* Sir Oliver Millar, The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collections Through The Centuries, (National Gallery Publications Limited, 1991), 16.

* Fritz Lugt, Les Marques de Collections (Dessins-Estampes), (Vereenigde Drukkerijen, Amsterdam 1921), 259.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 2, 75.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900) vol ii, 297.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner In His Time, (New York:  Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers, 1987), 188.

* John Gage, J. M. W. Turner: A Wonderful Range of Mind, (London, Yale University Press, 1987), 171.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973), 232.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner In His Time, (New York:  Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers, 1987), 66.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 116-7

* A.J. Finberg, introduction by Lawrence Gowing, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), xxi.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973), 242.

* Joyce H. Townsend, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 286.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol., 20.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 34.

* Michael Lloyd, Turner, essay by John Gage, (National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996), 120.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 40.

* Mary Chamot, The Early Works of J.M.W. Turner,  (London: Tate Gallery Publications, 1981), 8.

* Mary Chamot with assistance of Martin Butlin and Dennis Farr, A Guide to the Tate Gallery, (Tate Gallery Publications and Information Department, 1959), 16.

* George Jones; John Gage, ed., Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, (Clarendon Press – Oxford, 1980), 4.

* A.J. Finberg, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), 152.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 99.

* A.J. Finberg, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), 45.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 116.

* William Hardy, The History and Techniques of the Great Masters: Turner (New Jersey:  Chartwell Books, 1988) , 26

* Mary Chamot, The Early Works of J.M.W. Turner, (London: Tate Gallery Publications, 1981), 6.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 75.

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 114.

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 201.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 16.

* Silvia Ginzburg, Turner, (Arch Cape Press, New York, 1990), 18.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 220.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 264.

* Camille Mauclair, Turner, (The Hyperion Press, Paris, agent - The Art Book Publications, N.Y., translated by Eveline Byam Shaw, 1939), 13.

* John Gage, Colour in Turner: Poetry and Truth, (Studio Vista Limited, 1969), 32.

* Walter Shaw Sparrow, The Genius of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Offices of ‘The Studio’, London, Paris, and New York, MCMIII), w vii.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 335.

*  Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900) vol 1, 23.

* Phillips and Son, Early British and Victorian Paintings, (Phillips and Son, auction Dec. 12, 1995).

* James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 252.

* Harper’s, Joseph Mallord William Turner, (Harpers New Monthly Magazine, 1878), 393.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975), 9, also, Thornbury, vol. 1. pp 130.

* Otto Kurz, Fakes, (Dover Publications, Inc. New York, N.Y., 1967)

* Michael Scott, It’s a Ship of Fate or a Ship of Fake, (The Vancouver Sun, Jan. 23, 1997), 1, A9.

* Andrea Kirsh and Rustin S. Levenson, Seeing Through Paintings, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001), 134.

* Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968), 46.

* B. P., Hidden Treasures at the National Gallery, A Selection of Studies and Drawings by J. M. W. Turner, (London: “Pall Mall” Press, Holborn, 1905), 71.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol., 143.

* Jack Lindsay, Turner: The Man and His Art, (Franklin Watts, New York, 1985), 13.

* Joyce H. Townsend, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 260.

* Joyce H. Townsend, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 260.

* David Blayney Brown, Turner’s Studio, Paintings and Oil Sketches from the Turner Bequest, (Tate Gallery Publications, 1991), 7.

*John Rothenstein and Martin Butlin, Turner, (George Braziller Inc., New York, 1964), 48.

* C. Lewis Hind, Turner’s Golden Visions, (T. C. & E. C. Jack, Ltd., London, 1925), 179.

* David Hill, In Turner’s Footsteps: Through the hills an dales of Northern England, (John Murray (Publishers) Ltd., London, 1984), 12.

* Jack Lindsay, J.M.W. Turner, A Critical Biography, (New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1966), 42.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 4.

* Hanna Kiel, The Bernard Berenson Treasury, (Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1964), 355.

* Meryle Secrest, Being Bernard Berenson, A Biography, (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1979), 263.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 135; also see by the same author, Secrets of an Art Dealer, pp 194.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 246.

* Sharon Fletcher, IFAR Journal, (International Foundation for Art Research, 500 5th Ave., New York, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2001), 3.

* William H. Robinson, IFAR Journal, (International Foundation for Art Research, 500 5th Ave., New York, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2001), 10.

* Ibid. 17.

* Maryana W. Ainsworth, Early Netherlandish Paintings or 20th Century Fakes? (IFAR Journal, Volume 4, Number 3, 2001), 15.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973), 65.

* Bonnie Burnham, The Art Crisis, (St. Matins Press, New York, 1975), 232.

* Arthur Christopher Benson, From a College Window, (G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London, 1909), 278.

* Southern California Association of Fingerprint Officers, July 2000 Attn: Managers, www.scafo.org.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 19.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 13.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 88.

* Eric Shanes, Turner Rehung at Tate Britain, (TSN London, issue no. 93, March 2003), 5.

* Sir Jon Rothenstein, Turner (1775-1851), (Beaverbrook Newspapers Limited, and Henry N. Abrams, London, 1960), Preface.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 189-90.

* Geraldine Keen, Money and Art, (G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1971), 41.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 293.

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), 192 and 194.

* Ibid. 90.

* Ibid. 101.

* S. N. Behrman, Duveen, (Random House, New York, 1951), 153.

* Martin Bailey and Sarah Greenberg, tate, the art magazine, (Wordsearch Ltd., London, issue 4, winter 1994), 6.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 251.

* Ibid. 254.

* Hermine Chivian-Cobb, Provenance – What Is It? (IFAR Journal Vol. 3, nos. 3 and 4, 2000), 4.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 198.

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), 268-269.

* Katya Garcia-Anton, tate, the art magazine, (Wordsearch Ltd., London, issue 4, winter 1994), 11.

* C. Lewis Hind, Turner’s Golden Vision, (T. C. & E. C. Jack, Ltd, Edinburgh, 1925), 112.

* Frances Tyrrell-Gill, Little Books On Art: Turner, (Methuen & Co., London, 1904), 126.

* Andrew Wilton, J. M. W. Turner: His Art and Life, (Rizzoli International Publications, Inc. 1979).

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 108.

* Andrew Wilton, J. M. W. Turner: His Art and Life, (Rizzoli International Publications, Inc. 1979), 318-319.

* Plaza Art Auction Galleries, Inc., Watercolours and Other Media of J. M. W. Turner, The Property of John Anderson Jr., (The Alexander Press, N.Y., 1937), 14. Sale date: March 18th 1937, 151 lots.

* Thomas Moore, Journal and Correspondence, vol. vii, p. 77.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 49- 50.

* Frances Tyrrell-Gill, Little Books On Art: Turner, (Methuen & Co., London, 1904), 82-3.

* Luke Herrmann, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 208.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 161.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol., xix.

* Turner Art Sold for $5,410, (New York Times, 14 April 1938), 24, col. 4.

* Turner Art Exhibited, (New York Times, 24 August 1941), 37. col. 2.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 2.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 16.

* Obituaries, (New York Times, 13 July 1941), 29 col.1.

* Henry McBride, The Flow of Art, Essays and Criticisms, (Selections by Daniel Catton Rich with prefatory essay by Lincoln Kirstein, Atheneum Publishers, New York, 1975), 212.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 43.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 45-6.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 4370.

* Turner 1775-1851, (The Tate Gallery; third impression with corrections1975), 38.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner’s Early Sketchbooks, (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1972), 52.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 52.

* Ibid. 56.

* Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968), 45.

* Charles Alfred  Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902),

 76-77.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner, (Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1969, reprinted 1992), 24.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 246.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 151.

* Obituaries, (New York Times, 6 Aug. 1958), 25 col. 5.

* C. Lewis Hind, Turner’s Golden Visions, (T. C. & E. C. Jack, Ltd., London, 1925), 173.

* Jack Lindsay, Turner: The Man and His Art, (Franklin Watts, New York, 1985), 28.

* Jean Selz, Turner, (Crown Publishers, Inc. – New York, 1977), 85.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol., xxi.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), Preface.

* C. Lewis Hind, Turner’s Golden Visions, (T. C. & E. C. Jack, Ltd., London, 1925), forward note.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), ix-x.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 102-3.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 3.

* Arthur Christopher Benson, From a College Window, (G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London, 1909), 45.

* Max J. Friedlander, On Art and Connoisseurship, (Bruno Cassirer, Publishers Ltd., London, 1942, translated from the authors manuscript by Tancred Borenius), 181.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), vi.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 2.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 4.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 5.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 29.

* John Walker, Turner, (Henry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, New York, 1983.), 10.

* Ibid. 10.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 19.

* Director, Josh Aronson; Producer, Roger Weisberg; Editor, Ann Collins: Sound and Fury is a documentary dealing with deaf culture, (Aronson Film Associates Inc and Public Policy Productions Inc., 2001).

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 58.

* Ibid. 58.

* Ibid. 93.

* Ibid. 22

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 55.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), 149.

* Andrew Wilton, J. M. W. Turner: His Art and Life, (Rizzoli International Publications, Inc. 1979), 315.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 59.

* Geoffrey Agnew, In Honor of Paul Mellon, Collector and Benefactor, (National Gallery of Art, Washington, editor John Wilmerding, 1986), 1.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 39.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 299.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 83.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), 68.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 149-50.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 342.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 116.

* Robert de la Sizeranne, The Genius of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Offices of ‘The Studio’, London, Paris, and New York, MCMIII), o viii.

* Geoffrey Agnew, In Honor of Paul Mellon, Collector and Benefactor, (National Gallery of Art, Washington, editor John Wilmerding, 1986), footnote 3, 196

* Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975), 44.

* Ibid, 33.

*John Gage, ed., Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, (Clarendon Press – Oxford, 1980), 196

* Rex-Parkes, Jeremy, (JRex-Parkes@christie’s.com). 16 March 2000. RE: 73OAS [E-mail to Robert Setters<bsetters@hotmail.com].

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 128.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 342.

* John Ruskin Vol. XIII, pp. 480.

*John Ruskin, Letters to a College Friend, (MacMillan & Co., New York; and George Allen, London, 1894), 52.

* John Rothenstein and Martin Butlin, Turner, (George Braziller Inc., New York, 1964), 68.

* Joyce H. Townsend, Studies in Conservation, The Materials and Techniques of J. M. W. Turner Primings and Supports, (The International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 1992), 46.

* Paul Biro, J. M. W. Turner Fingerprint on Shipwreck, The Rescue stretcher key, (Peter Paul Biro, Art Restoration and Forensic Studies in Art, Oct. 4, 2000), 1.

* Martin Butlin, Turner Watercolours (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1965), 13.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2 vols. 1984), text vol. 7.

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 301.

* James Mason: The Charm of Turner, (T.C. & E.C. Jack, London and Edinburgh, 1914), 41.

*Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2 vols. 1984), xix.

* Inge Reist, Provenance Research Tools, (IFAR Journal Vol. 3, nos. 3 and 4, 2000), 27.

* James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 9.

* Alistair Smith, Keeper, Education and Exhibitions, The National Gallery, London: letter dated May 16 1988.

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), XVIII, and 28.

* Daniel Catton Rich, The Flow of Art, Essays and Criticisms of Henry McBride, (Athenium Publishers, New York, 1975), 25.

* Meryle Secrest, Kenneth Clark, A Biography, (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1984), 110-11.

* Ibid. 111.

* John Costello, Mask of Treachery, (William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd., 1988), 244.

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), 283.

* Huon Mallalieu, Christie’s Collectors Guides, How to Buy Pictures, Practical Advice on All Aspects of the Art Market, (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1984), 46.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 2, 208-10.

* Peter Watson, Sotheby’s: The Inside Story, (Random House, New York, 1998), 90.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 399.

* Huon Mallalieu, Christie’s Collectors Guides, How to Buy Pictures, Practical Advice on All Aspects of the Art Market, (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1984), 41.

* Ibid. 147.

* E. T. Cook, Hidden Treasures at the National Gallery, A Selection of Studies and Drawings by J. M. W. Turner, (London: “Pall Mall” Press, Holborn, 1905), 7.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 15.

* Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975), 45.

* Ibid. 51.

* David Hill, In Turner’s Footsteps: Through the hills an dales of Northern England, (John Murray (Publishers) Ltd., London, 1984), 11.

* The Editor (National Gallery), Hidden Treasures at the National Gallery, A Selection of Studies and Drawings by J. M. W. Turner, (London: “Pall Mall” Press, Holborn, 1905), Preface.

* A.J. Finberg, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), 153.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 397-8.

* Ibid. 425.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 312.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 174.

* Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, (Tate Gallery Publications, London, 1995), 181.

* John Gage, J. M. W. Turner: A Wonderful Range of Mind, (London, Yale University Press, 1987), 44.

*  A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 245.

* John Gage, J. M. W. Turner: A Wonderful Range of Mind, (London, Yale University Press, 1987), 61.

* Tate Gallery, Turner, (London: Tate Gallery Publishing, 1974), 143.

* Andrew Wilton, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 37.

* Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, (Tate Gallery Publications, London, 1995), 27.

* Mordechai Omer, Turner and The Bible, (Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 1979), 8.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 326-7.

* Jack Lindsay, J. M. W. Turner, A Critical Biography, (New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1966), 101.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), 67.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969),

* A.J. Finberg, introduction by Lawrence Gowing, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), xviii.

* Frances Tyrrell-Gill, Little Books On Art: Turner, (Methuen & Co., London, 1904), 83.

* Messrs. Christie, Manson & Woods Christie’s, Highly Important Collection of Pictures and Watercolour Drawings of James Orrock Esq., (printed by William Clowes and Sons Limited, London, sale dates, June 4 and 6, 1904).

* Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975), 22.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 20.

* Andrew Wilton, ‘Turner in his time’. (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Incorporated, 1987), 124.

* Ibid. 146.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 259-60; also see pp. 356.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900), vol i, 48.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 365.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977), 138.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol, 317.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol.1, 151.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 216.

* George Jones; John Gage, ed., Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, (Clarendon Press – Oxford, 1980), 5.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 220.

* John Gage, Colour in Turner: Poetry and Truth, (Studio Vista Limited, 1969), 39. also Thornbury, vol. 1, 151.

* Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, (Tate Gallery Publications, London, 1995), 90.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977), 143-4.

* Ibid.142.

* Cecilia Powell, Turner's Rivers of Europe, (Tate Gallery, sponsored by Volkswagon, 1991), 26.

* Martin Butlin & Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, Evelyn Joll’s 1977 intro. Revised Edition, 1984), text vol., xvi.

* B. Webber, James Orrock, R.I. 1903. Vol. I pp. 60-61; quoted by Gage, Colour in Turner, p.32.

* A.J. Finberg, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), 55.

* John Ruskin, Modern Painters, (Fred DeFau & Company Publishers, New York, The Complete Works of John Ruskin vols. 2, 1, 1873), vol.1, 58.

* Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975), 7.

* Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968), inside flap.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 335.

*  Robert Hewison, Ian Warrell, and Stephen Wildman, Ruskin, Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites, (Tate Gallery Publishing, 2000), 9.

* Martin Butlin, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 100.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 376-7.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol.1, 151.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 15.

* Michael Lloyd, Turner, essay by John Golding, (National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996), 166.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975), 7.

* Ibid. 8.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 320.

* Alistair Smith, Larousse Dictionary of Painters, (Larousse and Co., Inc., New York, 1981), Intro. vii.

* Edward Croft-Murray, Turner Watercolors from The British Museum, (Smithsonian Publication No. 4519, 1963), 10.

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 162.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), 102.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 134-5.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, xx.

* Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 2001), 100.

* John Ruskin, Letters to a College Friend, (MacMillan & Co., New York; and George Allen, London, 1894), 41.

* Maurice Davies, Turner as Professor: The Artist and Linear Perspective, (Tate Gallery Publications, Millbank, London, 1992), 18.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 10.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975), 12.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 2, 57.

* Ibid. 92.

* Robert Upstone, The Oxford Companion To, J.M.W. Turner, (Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, Luke Herrmann, Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, 2001), 311.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text vol., 290-1.

* Edward Croft-Murray, Turner Watercolors from The British Museum, (Smithsonian Publication No. 4519, 1963), 13.

* Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968), 21.

* A.J. Finberg, introduction by Lawrence Gowing, Turner’s Sketches & Drawings, (Schocken, New York, 1968), xx-xxi.

* Ibid. xxi.

* Editorial Comment, (Westbridge Publications Ltd. Vancouver, B. C., Volume 28, Number 5 August/September 2002), 2.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 150-51.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 336-7.

* Ibid. 384-5.

* Simon Winchester, Their Noble Lordships, (Random House Inc., New York, 1982), 7.

* Ibid. 7.

* Ibid. 121.

* Ibid. 131.

* Ibid. 134.

* Ibid. 135.

* Ibid. 134.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 187.

* Mary Chamot with assistance of Martin Butlin and Dennis Farr, A Guide to the Tate Gallery, (Tate Gallery Publications and Information Department, 1959), 14.

* Ibid. 49.

* Rev. S.A. Swaine, Turner the Artist, (Cassell & Company, Limited: London, Paris, New York, Melbourne, 1885), 65.

* CCI report prepared in 1982 by Marilyn Laver P. Eng.

* Jack Lindsay, ‘Turner: The Man and His Art’.(London: Granada, 1985), 41.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 78.

* Simon Winchester, Their Noble Lordships, (Random House Inc., New York, 1982), 245.

* Walter Bayes A.R.W.S., Turner, A Speculative Portrait, (Geoffrey Bles, Pall Mall, London, 1931), 74.

* Michael Lloyd, Turner, essay by Andrew Sayers, (National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996), 203. Also Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820,  pp. 105.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 99.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner, (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 36, and Jack Lindsay, The Man and His Art, 19.

* Jack Lindsay, Turner: The Man and His Art, (Franklin Watts, New York, 1985), 29.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in the British Museum, Drawings and Watercolours, (British Museum Publications Limited, London, 1975), 26.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 41.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 7.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 1.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 67.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 22.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 266.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 23.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973), 230 and 232.

* Ibid. 246.

* Michael Lloyd, Turner, essay by Andrew Wilton, (National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996), 31.

* Louis Hawes, Presences of Nature, British Landscape 1780-1830 (Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1982), 23.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977), 101.

* Frances Tyrrell-Gill, Little Books On Art: Turner, (Methuen & Co., London, 1904), 56-7.

* Camille Mauclair, Turner, (The Hyperion Press, Paris, agent - The Art Book Publications, N.Y., translated by Eveline Byam Shaw, 1939), 162.

* Ibid. 162.

* Ibid. 20.

* Camille Mauclair, Turner, (The Hyperion Press, Paris, agent - The Art Book Publications, N.Y., translated by Eveline Byam Shaw, 1939), 25.

* Max J. Friedlander, On Art and Connoisseurship, (Bruno Cassirer, Publishers Ltd., London, 1942, translated from the authors manuscript by Tancred Borenius), 181.

* Ian Lloyd, Painting by Numbers, (Majesty, Rex Publications Ltd., Vol. 23 no. 1 2002), 14.

* Morris Eaves, The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake, (Cornell University Press (Getty Grant Program assistance), Ithaca and London, 1992), 30.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), i, 48.

* Max J. Friedlander, On Art and Connoisseurship, (Bruno Cassirer, Publishers Ltd., London, 1942, translated from the authors manuscript by Tancred Borenius),168.

* Ibid. 180.

* Ibid. 182.

* The Culture of Craft editor: Peter Dormer Manchester University Press, 1997 p. 226. essay title:  The language and practical philosophy of craft. Author: Peter Dormer 

* Max J. Friedlander, On Art and Connoisseurship, (Bruno Cassirer, Publishers Ltd., London, 1942, translated from the authors manuscript by Tancred Borenius), 179.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 246.

* James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 58.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 2, 35.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 89.

* Jonathan Brown, Kings & Connoisseurs, Collecting Art in Seventeenth-Century Europe, (A.W. Mellon Lectures, Princeton University Press, 1995), 233.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 10.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 80.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 152.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 289.

* Meryle Secrest, Kenneth Clark, A Biography, (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1984), 95.

* Sir Oliver Millar The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collections Through The Centuries, (National Gallery Publications Limited, 1991), 25.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 76.

* W.G. Rawlinson, Turner’s Liber Studiorum, (MacMillan and Co, Limited, London, 1906), 25.

* Martin Butlin, Turner Watercolours, (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, New York, 1962), front inside flap.

* Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968), 240.

* Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975), 43.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 289.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973), 253.

* Bernard Rackham, Ceramics, Chinese Art, (B. T. Batsford Ltd., Circa 1945), 36.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 44.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 84.

* Andrew Wilton, Painting and Poetry, Turner’s Verse Book and his Work of 1804 – 1812, (Tate Gallery Publications, Millbank, 1990)

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 115.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 117.

* David Blayney Brown, From Turner’s Studio, Paintings And Oil Sketches From The Turner Bequest, (Tate Gallery, 1991), 36.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 103.

* Andrea Kirsh and Rustin S. Levenson, Seeing Through Paintings, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001), 123.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 303.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 320.

* Joyce Townsend, Turner’s Painting Techniques, (Tate Publishing, 1993), 28.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 165-6.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 27.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 312.

* Helen S. Conant (Ruskin, Modern Painters vol. v), J.M.W. Turner, (extract from Harper’s Monthly Magazine: 1878; published in Master-In-Art series by Bates and Guild Company, Boston, nov 1902), 29; also, Frederick Wedmore, Ruskin and Turner, p 47.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), 69-70.

* Graham Reynolds, Turner,  (London: Thames and Hudson, 1969), 105.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900), vol ii, 185.

*A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 126.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 126.

*A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 189.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 168.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 368.

* Charles Alfred Swinburne, Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Bickers and Son, London, 1902), 137.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 201.

* Frances Tyrrell-Gill, Little Books On Art: Turner, (Methuen & Co., London, 1904), 141.

* Frederick Wedmore, Turner and Ruskin, (George Allen, London, 1900), vol i, 62.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 121.

* Ibid. vol. 1, 177.

* Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 256.

* W. L. Wyllie A.R.A., J.M.W. Turner, (G. Bell & Sons, London, 1905), 154.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 5.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 280.

* Ibid. 284-5.

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 232.

* Hanna Kiel, The Bernard Berenson Treasury, (Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1964), 36.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 324.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text 279.

* CBS News, July 4 2001.

* James Henry James Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 293.

* Edward J. Poynter, The National Gallery of British Art, The Tate Gallery, (Cassell and Company Ltd., London, 1913), 129.

* Lawrence Gowing, Turner Imagination and Reality, (The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1966), 5.

* Ibid, 5.

* John Costello, Mask of Treachery, (William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd., 1988), 58.

* Ibid. 243.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 1, 88.

* Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces: The Courtauld Collection: Dennis Farr, Samuel Courtauld as a Collector and Founder of the Courtauld Institute, (Trustees of the Home House Society and Yale University, 1987), 8.

* Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces: The Courtauld Collection: Dennis Farr, Samuel Courtauld as a Collector and Founder of the Courtauld Institute, (Trustees of the Home House Society and Yale University, 1987), 319.

* Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces: The Courtauld Collection: Dennis Farr, Samuel Courtauld as a Collector and Founder of the Courtauld Institute, (Trustees of the Home House Society and Yale University, 1987), 321.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 99.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 37.

* Ibid. 41.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 238.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 222.

* Ibid. 281.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 382.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 244-45.

* CBS News April 23, 2002.

* Ibid. Nov 20 2001.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 353.

* Karen McVeigh, Burrell Faces Betrayal Claims, (The Scotsman newspaper online, Nov 7 2002).

* A.J. Finberg and Hilda F. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1961), 78.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977), 101.

* John Anderson, Jr., The Unknown Turner, (pub. John Anderson, printed by The Scribner Press, 1926), 44.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 217.

* Joseph R. Goldyne (intro), Turner: Works on Paper from American Collections, (University Art Museum, Berkeley, 1975), 14.

* Martin Butlin, The Oxford Companion To, J.M.W. Turner, (Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, Luke Herrmann, Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, 2001), 100.

* Jonathan Brown, Kings & Connoisseurs, Collecting Art in Seventeenth-Century Europe, (A.W. Mellon Lectures, Princeton University Press, 1995), 236.

*James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 160.

* S.N. Behrman, Duveen, (Random House Inc., New York, 1952), 199.

* James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 119.

* John Costello, Mask of Treachery, (William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd., 1988), 58.

* Luke Herrmann, Ruskin and Turner, (Faber and Faber, London, 1968), 11.

* Wilbur D. Peat, Turner in America, (The Art Association of Indianapolis, ex. cat. 1955).

* Joseph R. Goldyne, J.M.W. Turner, Works on Paper from American Collections, (University Art Museum, Berkeley, 1975), 7.

* Hanna Kiel, The Bernard Berenson Treasury, (Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1964), 390.

* James Mason, The Charm of Turner, (T.C. & E.C. Jack, London and Edinburgh, 1914), 9.

* Silvia Ginzburg, Turner, (Arch Cape Press, New York, 1990), 9.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 156.

* Ibid. 371.

* Ibid. 371.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 373.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 33.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), 130.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977), 98.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 140.

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector, (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), ii, 74-139.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), xxvi.

* Ibid. 262-3.

* The Westbridge Art Market Report (Westbridge Publications Ltd., Vancouver, BC, Vol. 27, No. 6, Oct/Nov. 2001), 1 and 7.

* James Henry Duveen , Secrets of an Art Dealer, (E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York, 1938), 247.

* Max J. Friedlander, On Art and Connoisseurship, (Bruno Cassirer, Publishers Ltd., London, 1942, translated from the authors manuscript by Tancred Borenius), 179-80.

* Ibid.183.

* John Costello, Mask of Treachery, (William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd., 1988), 147.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 283.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 315.

* Daniel Catton Rich, The Flow of Art, Essays and Criticisms of Henry McBride, (Athenium Publishers, New York, 1975), 34.

* Max J. Friedlander, On Art and Connoisseurship, (Bruno Cassirer, Publishers Ltd., London, 1942, translated from the authors manuscript by Tancred Borenius), 168.

* Hanna Kiel, The Bernard Berenson Treasury, (Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1964), 395

* John Costello, Mask of Treachery, (William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd., 1988), 244.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 144,149, and 151.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), xxv.

* Hugh Roberts, Negotiated Sales, Christie’s Review of the Season 1986, (Christie, Manson and Woods Ltd., Phaidon Christie’s Oxford, 1986), 12.

* James Henry Duveen, The Rise of The House of Duveen, (Alfred A. Knoff, New York, 1957), 73-4.

* Morris Eaves, The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake, (Cornell University Press (Getty Grant Program assistance), Ithaca and London, 1992), 25.

* Ibid, 31.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 269.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 155.

* Ibid. 346.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 302.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 247.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 51-2.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 111.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 209-10.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 208.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 128.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 4.

* Ibid, 32-3.

* Ibid. 96, letter, Kahnweiler to Manolo, July 9, 1923.

* Pierre Assouline, An Artful Life, A Biograhy of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, (Grove Weidenfeld, New York, translation Charles Ruas 1990), 333.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 256.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 256.

* Frank Herrmann, Sotheby’s, Portrait of an Auction House, (Chatto and Windus, London, 1980), 276.

* Frank Herrmann, Art at Auction, (editor Joan A. Speers, Sotheby Parke Bernet Publications Ltd., 1980), 12.

* Suzanna Andrews, Bitter Spoils, (Vanity Fair magazine March 1998), p 255.

* Ibid. 251.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 83.

* Thomas Hoving, The Berenson Scandals: An interview with Colin Simpson, (Connoisseur; The Hearst Corporation, Oct 1986), 137.

* Ibid. 475.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 385.

* Robert Lacey, Sotheby’s—Bidding for Class, (Little, Brown & Company (Canada), 1989), 259.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 19.

* Peter Watson, From Manet To Manhattan, (New York: Random House, Inc., 1992), 72.

* Evan Solomon, Hot Type, (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, CBC Apr 15 2001)

* John Walker, Self-Portrait with Donors, (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1974), 295 and 297.

* Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Republic of Plato, “Oxford University Press, London, 1951), footnote, 23.

* Bernard Berenson, Sketch for a Self Portrait, (A Midland Book, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1958), 29-30.

* Morris Eaves, The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake, (Cornell University Press (Getty Grant Program assistance), Ithaca and London, 1992), 38.

* Ibid. 37.

* John Henry Merryman is Sweitzer Professor of Law and Cooperating Professor of Art, Emeritus, Stanford University and Member, IFAR Advisory Council. (IFAR conference 2000.)

* Jean Selz, Turner, (Crown Publishers, Inc. – New York, 1977), 25.

* Jack Lindsay, Turner: The Man and His Art, (Franklin Watts, New York, 1985), 9.

* William Vaughan, Romantic Art, (Oxford University Press, 1978), 158.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 319.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 2, 13.

* John Rothenstein and Martin Butlin, Turner, (George Braziller Inc., New York, 1964), 74, 76.

* Jack Lindsay, J. M. W. Turner, A Critical Biography, (New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1966), 89.

* Eric Shanes, Turner’s England, A Survey In Watercolours, (Trafalgar Square Publishing, Vermont USA, 1990), 21.

* Jack Lindsay, Turner: The Man and His Art, (Franklin Watts, New York, 1985), 44.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 29.

* Martin Butlin, The Oxford Companion To J.M.W. Turner, (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin, and Luke Herrmann, 2001), 303.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 64.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 237.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner’s Early Sketchbooks, (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1972), 61.

* John Gage, J.M.W. Turner, A Wonderful Range of Mind, (Yale University Press, 1991), 205.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner’s Early Sketchbooks, (Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1972), 52.

* Ibid, 39.

* Kenneth Clark, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, (Longman Canada Limited, 1973),

* Byron Webber, James Orrock R.I., Painter, Connoisseur, Collector; (Chatto & Windus, London, in two volumes 1903), Vol. 2, 226.

* Ibid. 1, 61.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, xx.

* Evelyn Joll, The Oxford Companion, (Oxford University Press, 2001), 132.

* Andrea Kirsh and Rustin S. Levenson, Seeing Through Paintings, (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001), 241.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 88.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 117.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 180.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 303.

* Philip Gilbert Hamerton, Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A., (University Press: John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1879), 41 and 366.

* Eric Shanes, J.M.W. Turner, The Foundations of Genius, (The Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio; Corbett Foundation; The Hennegan Co. printers, 1986), 7.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 1.

* Walter Thornbury, Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., (Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, London, 1862), vol. 1, 67.

* W. Cosmo Monkhouse, J.M.W. Turner R.A., (Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London 1879), 22.

* Luke Herrmann, Turner, Paintings, Watercolours, Prints & Drawings, (Phaidon Press Limited, London, 1975), 26.

* Andrew Wilton, Turner in His Time, (Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, New York, 1987), 118.

* Gerald Wilkinson, Turner Sketches 1789-1820, (Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London, 1977), 106.

* Martin Butlin, and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, (Yale University Press New Haven and London, 1984), text, 49.

* David Hill, In Turner’s Footsteps: Through the hills an dales of Northern England, (John Murray (Publishers) Ltd., London, 1984), 16.

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